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Yeshayhuo Rosenblum, Hungary

Yeshayahu Rosenblum was born in 1924 in the village of Putnuk in Hungary, to religious parents who emigrated from Poland. In 1933 the family moved to Budapest. He joined Hanoar Hazioni youth movement and later became a member of the movement’s national leadership. During the war he became a member of the Zionist Halutz underground. In January 1944 the movement sent him to the Jewish communities in northern Hungary to warn the young people of the imminent German invasion. In October 1944, after the Hungarian government was taken over by the Arrow Cross fascist movement, Yeshayahu escaped from the labor camp. He managed to reach a children’s home in Budapest, in which some 300 Jewish children found shelter, run under the auspices of the Red Cross. During the siege on Budapest he was injured and underwent surgery in a makeshift hospital. After he recovered he continued working with the children and youth in Budapest and in the city of Szeged. He left Hungary with a youth group on their way to Palestine, travelling through Germany and Italy. They sailed on an illegal immigrant ship which was caught by the British. After spending time in a British internment camp in Cyprus, they managed to reach Palestine. (6:19)