The “Six Million Accusers—The State of Israel v. Adolf Eichmann” exhibition is the centerpiece of the Massuah Museum. It was opened to the public in 2002.
“Six Million Accusers” confronts the Holocaust through the prism of the Eichmann trial. It pursues this theme via testimonies and evidence that were presented at the trial, held in Jerusalem in 1961–1962.
The exhibition consists of a documentary audiovisual display combined with a digital interactive multimedia system.
It features three dimensions in time:
• the time of the trial: how the Holocaust was remembered in Israel of the early 1960s;
• the Holocaust era, through the testimonies and evidence presented at the trial; and
• the present, in which the Eichmann trial is examined as a turning point in Israeli society’s attitude toward the Holocaust.
The exhibition begins with a gallery that documents the spontaneous response of the Israeli street to the announcement about the capture of Eichmann (May 24, 1960), his detention in Israel, and his upcoming trial in Jerusalem. It describes the preparations for the trial by presenting evidence that was gathered by Israel Police Unit 06, and it winds up this segment of the exhibition with a three-screen presentation that is projected in the “courtroom.”
The exhibition then advances to the trial itself: a visit to the courtroom as the trial takes place, following the sequence of topics that were raised in the trial: the 1930s and the Nazis’ rise to power, the occupation of Poland, the ghettos, the onset of mass murder in the death pits, the transports, and the extermination camps. A separate room is devoted to the cross-examination of the defendant.
The multimedia system that accompanies the exhibition contains an information base of 150 annotated clips of testimony and thousands of documents and photos, most culled from the evidence presented at the trial. The testimonies are grouped into thirty topics. The tension among the witnesses’ different points of view inspires the visitor to ponder the current meaning of important issues from the Holocaust era.
The gloves zvi Malchin used at Eichman`s capture are now exhibited.
The gloves were loaned to Massuah by the Family of Gabriel Erem.
Testimonies taken from the multimedia project `Six Million Accusers`- Knowledge and Understanding
I am from Vilna, myself. I was born in Vilna. In Vilna I left behind my parents and all my relatives. While still a child I had played in the… I had played among the trees in Ponary here he spoke about Ponary, my Vilna, the Jews of my Vilna were being killed in Ponary. My playground.
Before I could recover my balance I heard the news about Chelmno, the so-called Speziell Wagen, special sealed, hermetically sealed trucks, where people would be put into these trucks and were taken from a deserted palace of a Polish nobleman a few kilometers, about 15 kilometers and along the road they would be killed. The Gravedigger told that story. He had escaped, but then he was killed.
We had a faithful, honest people; we could not believe that such a thing could happen. Mass destruction, mass murder of the entire Jewish nation.Knowledge and Understanding
- A Dutch physician came once; he was fresh in the camp. He had come from Westerbork, I believe, and he asked me: “Tell me”, he said, “Colleague, when shall I see my wife and children?” I asked him: “Why do you ask me this question?”, and he said: “We were told at the ramp at Birkenau that those who are fit for labor are going to a separate camp, and the children and the women are going to another camp. They will get better treatment, and after two weeks there would be a reunion, so that the families could be reunited for some time”, and he asked me: “When will this reunion take place and how will it take place?”
- And you told him that there were no meetings, no getting together?
- I told him the truth, but then I was sorry, and he told me: “Small wonder that the Germans accuse the Jews of atrocity stories. It is impossible”, he said “It is impossible what you are telling me here”, because I showed him the crematoria, it was 300 yards out of our camp, but I asked him: “Do you see that building? What do you think it is?”, and he said: “This is a bakery”. It was made of bricks, red bricks.
- Two weeks later I happened to meet him again. He called me. I wanted to evade this meeting. I saw him from afar. He came up to me and it was very embarrassing to me, and he said: “Colleague, you were right. It is murder”, and I later learned from his Dutch colleagues that he had committed suicide by hanging himself. And this was the most popular method of committing suicide in Birkenau. He hanged himself on the electrified barbwire.