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Art & Artifacts

Coordinator: Reut Ben Israel


The art collection comprises paintings, drawings, illustrations, prints, reproductions, and sculpture created during and after the Holocaust. The artistic works were created by artists who are Holocaust survivors, and by creators of the second and third generation, as well as artists who devoted their work to the commemoration of the Holocaust.


The collection of artifacts comprises the main collection of items related to the Hanoar Hazioni and Akiva youth movements: flags, symbols, uniforms. The collection also includes prisoners’ clothing from various concentration camps, weapons, and parts of World War II uniforms, Judaica artifacts and other assorted items.


The public is invited to donate artifacts, artistic works, and estates to this collection.


reutb@massuah.org.il

Embroidered memories – Ruth Judenhertz-Biuk (Tel Yizhak, 1945-46)

When Ruth Biuk came to Kibbutz Tel Yitzhak at the end of 1945 she began to embroider her memories from the time of the Holocaust. The tablecloth comprises illustrations and poems (words in Yiddish and musical notes) that describe the story of an underground group, termed in Polish Nasha Grupe (our group). Ruth belonged to this underground group, which was founded by members of the Hanoar Hazioni youth movement in 1943 in the Zaglembia region of of south-west Poland. The group focused on finding escape routes from Poland, mainly to Austria, Slovakia, Romania, and Hungary.

Embroidered memories (clockwise):
1. The Ghetto – fenced-off buildings on fire, accompanied by the Yiddish words Es brent, briderlekh, es brent. (It is burning, brothers, it is burning), from the song It is Burning by Mordechai Gebirtig.
2. Escape from Poland during the war – a train passing over the mountains. On the carriage the names of the cities Katowice and Vienna – the beginning of the group’s escape route. The illustration is accompanied by the Yiddish words – es has eves das leben garupfren – life happened to us.
3. Crossing the border – an illustration of a path leading to Vienna and Budapest. A question mark alludes to doubts – will the members of the group succeed? The illustration is accompanied by the Yiddish words – eins, zwei , drei – one, two, three, alluding to the number of borders they crossed on their escape route.
4. Resistance – marked by an illustration of weapons and a wall, accompanied by the words – “do not say this is my last journey”, from the Partisans’ song. The members of the group knew the song when they arrived in Romania in 1944.
5. In the center of the tablecloth, an illustration symbolizing Kibbutz Tel Yitzhak – the end of the journey to Eretz Israel. The illustration is accompanied by the words of the poem by Rachel – “Perhaps all this never was”, and by Yaakov Orland’s, “We sing to you our homeland”. Rachel’s poem relates to the past, while Orland’s reflects hope for the future.

The work was given to the Massuah Archive by Lucia Klofman, on behalf of the members of the Nasha Grupe in the exhibition “Three Lines in History.”
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